GILLED MUSHROOMS: Pale-spored

Gilled mushrooms come in several different shapes, although typically we think of them as cap and stem mushrooms, and have historically called them ‘Agarics’. The gills are thin, fragile, downward-facing plates on which spores are produced within structures called basidia. Some gilled mushrooms do not have much if any stem, such as oyster mushrooms (Pleurotus species) and Crepidotus species. Others, such as Gilled Boletes (Phylloporus species) and Tapinella species are actually more closely related to boletes than to members of the Agaricales. Due to their unique structure consisting of principally spherical cells causing these fruiting bodies to break like chalk, Lactarius, Lactifluus and Russula species are listed in their own category.


To facilitate your search for particular gilled mushrooms, I have divided them into two general groups and distiguished them by whether their spores are pale or light-colored and those that are dark-colored. Light-colored spores can be white, cream, pale to dark yellow, and pink to salmon-pink

To further facilitate finding photos and descriptions of light-spored gilled mushrooms, I have entered their genus names in accordance with whether or not they are TERRESTRIAL, grow from a WOOD, NEEDLE, LEAF, CONIFER CONE or NUT substrate, or are PARASITIC ON OTHER FUNGI. 

Since several common Waxy Cap mushrooms (HYGROPHORACEAE family of the Agaricales order) have recently been separated into several genera, I am putting them into a distinct group within the pale-spored gilled fungi. Doing so should enable the mycophile to find particular species with ease. These fungi generally have thickish, slippery or greasy gills, sometimes the caps and stems are tacky to extremely viscid, and many are quite colorful. There are more pale or light-spored fungi than there are dark-spored. 

Amanita atkinsoniana 06578

Amanita atkinsoniana

LIGHT-SPORED GILLED FUNGI THAT GROW FROM THE GROUND (Terrestrial substrate)

AMANITA____abrupta____aestivalis____atkinsoniana____banningiana____bisporigera____brunnescens ____brunnescens var. pallida___canescens____citrina (See A. mappa)____ceciliae(rhacopus)group ____cinereopannosa____cokeri(subcokeri)____crenulata____daucipes____elongata____farinosa____flavoconia ____flavorubens____frostiana____fulva group____ jacksonii ____mappa(citrina)____multisquamosa (panterina) ____muscaria var. guessowei____onusta____pachysperma____pantherina____parcivolvata____peckiana ____phallooides___praecox 32 (no ring)____porphyria_____pseudovolvata____rasitabula (vaginata var. alba) _____rhacopus (cecileae)____rhopalopus____rubescens____russuloides(ring)____sinicoflava____spreta ____sturgeonii ____subcokeri____submaculata  _____subsolitaria____subvolvata____vaginata group____velatipes____virginiana ____volvata ____wellsii_____whetstoneae

CALOCYBE____carnea (See RUGOMYCES carneus)

CANTHARELLULA____umbonata 

CHLOROPHYLLUM (Lepiota)____molybdites____rhacodes

CLITOCYBE____candicans____clavipes (See AMPULOCLITOCYBE)____dealbata____gibba ____irina____nuda (See LEPISTA)____odora____robusta____subconnexa (See LEPISTA)____squamulosa____trunicola

CLITOCYBE ____gibba

CLITOPILUS____prunulus

COLLYBIA____cirrhata____tuberosa____zonata (Crinipellis zonata)

ENTOLOMA____abortivum____asprellum____caesiocinctum____conicum____formosum____grande ____griseum____luridum____luteum____murrayi____quadratum ____rhodopolium____salmoneum ___serrulatum____sinuatum____strictius____subsinuatum____umbonatum____unicolor ____vernum

LACCARIA____amethystina____bicolor____laccata____laccata var. palidifolia ____nobilis____ochropurpurea____ohiensis ____proxima____striatula____tortilis____trullissata

LACTARIUS/LACTIFLUUS (See next page)

LEPIOTA____aspera (see ECHINODERMA)____clypeolaria____cristata____magnispora

LEPISTA (CLITOCYBE)____irina____nuda____subconnexa

LEUCOAGARICUS (LEPIOTA)_____leucothites (naucinus)____naucinus (SEE leucothites)____rubrotinctus

LEUCOCOPRINUS____birnbaumii

LEUCOCYBE (LYOPHYLLUM)____connata

LEUCOPAXILLUS____albissimus____giganteus

LYOPHYLLUM____connatum(See LEUCOCYBE) ____decastes______loricatum____multiforme

MACROLEPIOTA (LEPIOTA)____procera

MELANOLEUCA____alboflavida____cognata____melaleuca

PAXILLUS (Boletales) ____involutus

PHYLLOPORUS_____boletinoides___leucomycelinus____rhodoxanthus

PSEUDOCLITOCYBE (CLITOCYBE)____cyathiformis

RUGOMYCES (CALOCYBE)____carneus

RUSSULA (SEE Next page)

TRICHOLOMA____aestuans,____aurantium,____caligatum,____davisiae,____equestre (flavovirens),_____fulvum,

____fumosoluteum,____imbricatum,____magnivelare,____myomyces,____odorum,___palustre,____pessundatum,

____pullum, ____saponaceum,____subluteum,____ suberesplendens, ___subsejunctum,____transmutans,____ustale,____vaccinum,____virgatum


LIGHT-SPORED GILLED FUNGI THAT GROW FROM WOOD, MOSS, CONIFER CONES, NEEDLES, LEAVES or NUTS

ARMILLARIA____gallica____mellea____solidipes (ostoyae)____tabescens(See DESARMILLARIA)

BAEOSPORA____myosura (grows from a conifer cone)

CHEIMONOPHYLLUM____candissimum

CLITOCELLA (Rhodocybe)____mundula (popinalis) (binds leaves)

CLITOCYBULA____abundans___familia___oculus

CYPTOTRAMA____asprata

DESARMILLARIA____tabescens

ECHINODERMA (Lepiota) ____asperum

FLAMMULINA_____velutipes

GERRONEMA____strombodes

GYMNOPUS (COLLYBIA)____acervatus_____alkalivirens____androsaceus____biformis____confluens (on conifer litter)____dichrous (on sticks)____dryophila____dysodes____foetidus____lentinoides(See RHODOCOLLYBIA)____luxurians____semihirtipes_____spongiosus_____subnudus (on leaves)____subsulphureus

HOHENBUEHELIA____petaloides____serotina

HYMENOPELLIS (XERULA)____furfuracea____megalospora____rubrobrunnescens

HYPSIZYGUS____marmoreus(tessulatus)____ulmarius

LENTINELLUS____cochleatus____cohaerens____ursinus____vulpinus

LENTINUS (a polypore) ____levis____suavissimus____tigrinus

LEUCOAGARICUS (LEPIOTA)____americanus

LEUCOCOPRINUS____cepaestipes

MARASMIELLUS____praecutus

MARASMIUS____androsaceus____capillaris____cohaerans____delectans____epiphyllus____oreades _____perforans (on conifer needles)____praeacutus  (see MARASMIELLUS) ____pulcherripes (on conifer needles)____rotula____scorondonius____siccus (Leaves and sticks)____strictipes (leaves)____sullivantii

MEGACOLLYBIA____rodmanii (platyphylla)

MICROMPHALE____foetidum

MYCENA____acicula____alcalina______atkinsoniana____corticola_______epipterygia_______galericulata _______galopus____haematopus ____inclinata ____leaiana____leptocephala____luteopallens____maculata____pura ‘group’ ____sanguinolenta____subcaerulea

NEOLENTINUS____lepideus

OMPHALINA____chrysophylla

OMPHALOTUS____illudens

PANELLUS ____serotinus (See HOHENBEUHELIA)____stipticus____violaceofulvus

PANUS (Polyporales)____conchatus____neostrigosus

PAXILLUS (Boletales)____atrotomentosa (See TAPINELLA atrotomentosa) ____involutus____panuiodes

PHYLLOTOPSIS____nidulans

PLEUROCYBELLA____porrigens

PLEUROTUS____dryinus____ostreatus____populinius____pulmonarius

PLICATUROPSIS____crispa

PLUTEUS____admirabilis____americanus (salicinus)____atromarginatus____cervinus____flavofuligineus ____granularis____leoninus____longistriatus____petasatus____tomentosulus

RESUPINATUS____alboniger____applicatus____striatulus

RHIZOMARASMIUS____pyrrhocephalus

RHODOCYBE (See CLITOCELLA)____mundula (popinalis)

RICKENELLA____fibula (in moss)

RHODOCOLLYBIA (COLLYBIA)____butyracea____lentinoides____maculata____maculata var. scorzonera (all in conifer debris)

SCHIZOPHYLLUM____commune

STROBILURIUS____sp.

TAPINELLA (Paxillus)____atrotomentosa

TECTELLA____patellaris

TETRAPYROGUS (Marasmius)____nigripes

TRICHOLOMOPSIS____decora____rutilans____sulphurioides

VOLVARIA (See VOLVARIELLA)

VOLVARIELLA (VOLAVARIA)____bombycina____speciosa

XEROMPHALINA____campanella____kaufmanii


LIGHT-SPORED GILLED FUNGI THAT GROW FROM OTHER FUNGI

ASTEROPHORA____lycoperdoides____parasitica

PSEUDOAMILLARIELLA (CLITOCYBE)____ectypoides


WAXY CAPS

AMPULLOCLITOCYBE____clavipes

ARRHENIA____epichysium

CHROMOSERA____cyanophylla

CUPHOPHYLLUS (Hygrophorus)____lacmus____praetensis____virgineus

GLIOPHORUS (HYGROCYBE, HYGROPHORUS)____irrigatus____laetus____perplexus____psittacinus

GLIOANYTHOMYCES_____nitidus (Hygrocybe nitida)_____vitellinus

HUMIDICUTIS (HYGROCYBE)_____auratocephala____marginata var. concolor____marginata var. marginata ____marginata var. olivacea 

HYGROCYBE____cantharellus____caespitosa____chlorphana(flavescens)____chrysodon____coccinea____conica ____cuspidata____miniata____minutula____nitrata____parvula____persistens____punicea____purpureofolius  ____turunda

HYGROPHORUS____agathosmos____angustifolius____camarophyllus____chrysodon____eburneus ____erubescens____flavodiscus____fuligineus ____lacmus (See CUPHOPHYLUS) ____russula____speciosus____sordidus____subovinus (see NEOHYGROCYBE)____tennesseensis

NEOHYGROCYBE (HYGRPHORUS)____subovina