POLYPORES

The word ‘Polypores’ means many (poly) holes or pores. These holes are the visible terminal surface of tubes in which fertile spores are produced and subsequently released at maturity. The list of fungi below includes most fungi considered to be polypores in that they exhibit pores on their underside, the hymenium - or fertile surfaces from which spores are released. Also included in this list are some fungi that may appear from their cap surface to be polypores, but which may in fact be toothed or crust fungi. Most polypores are durable conks or shelf-fungi that grow from their mycelium within usually dead, decaying and sometimes the wood of living trees. Unlike ephemeral mushrooms, polypores tend to endure over a considerably longer period than cap and stem agarics. Most are ‘annuals’. Their fruiting bodies appear, grow and persist for about a year more or less. Others are perennials. Each year the latter create a new layer of tubes over the previous year’s tubes. These are mostly saprophytes that break down and consume wood. Some are parasites that either quickly (within a year) or more commonly slowly over many years destroy living trees. Some parasitic polypores are also saprophytes. There are also a number of polypores that are mycorrhizal with trees, such as those known currently or previously known as species of Albatrellus and of Coltricia. These do not grow from wood. They are terrestrial and emerge from their mycelium which is beneath the soil and is attached to the root tips of their tree partners.

In the past most polypores were given the genus designation “Polyporus’ and were considered to be in the taxonomic order Polyporales and the family Polyporaceae. During especially the twentieth century, mycologists determined there were distinct differences between many of them and so they placed them within new families within the Polyporales, and sometimes within families of completely different taxonomic orders. From the 1990s onward, the tool of DNA analysis has confirmed the previous placement of many polypores. Many, however, are being given new names and are being assigned to new families within and outside the Polyporales. 

Fomitopsis mounceae (F. pinicola) (Red Belted Polypore)02468

Fomitopsis mounceae


ABORTIPORUS_____biennis

ALBATRELLUS____caeruleoporus (See NEOALBATRELLUS),____confluens,                                     ____cristata (See LAETICUTIS)_____ovinus

ANTRODIA_____favescens,_____heteromorpha

BJERKANDERA adusta, _____fumosa

BOLETOPSIS____grisea

BONDARZEWIA_____berkeleyi

BRESADOLIA_____craterallus

BRUNNEOPORUS____malicola

BYSSOMERULIUS (PHEBIA)_____incarnatus

CERIPORIA_____spissa,_____tarda

CERIOPORUS_____leptocephalus,_____scutellata,_____squamosus,_____stereoides, _____varius

CERRENA_____unicolor

CHONDROSTEREUM ____purpureum 

CLIMACOCYSTIS_____borealis

CLIMACODON_____pulcherrimus,_____septentrionalis

COLTRICIA ____cinnamomea, ____montagnei,____perennis

COLTRICIELLA ____dependens

CRYTOPORUS_____volvatus

CYSTOSTEREUM_____murrai

DAEDALEA_____quercina

DAEDALEOPSIS_____confragosa

FIBROPORIA_____radiculosa

FOMES_____fomentarius

FOMITOPSIS_____betulina,_____mounceae (pinicola), _____ochraceae

FULVIFOMES ____robiniae

FUSCOPORIA (PHELLINUS)____ferruginosa

FUSCOPOSTIA ____fragilis

GANODERMA_____applanatum,_____sessile,_____tsugae

GELATOPORIA_____dichroa

GLOBIFOMES_____graveolens

GRIFOLA_____frondosa

HAPALOPILUS_____rutilans (nidulans)

HYDNOPHLEBIA_____chrysorhizon

HYDNOPORIA____corrugata, ____olivacea, ____tabacina

HYMENOCHAETE____rubiginosa

INONOTUS ____glomeratus, ____obliquuis

IRPEX_____lacteus

ISCHNODERA____benzoinum_____resinosum

LEATICUTIS (ALBATRELLUS)____cristata

LAETOPORUS_____cincinnatus, _____sulphureus

LENTINUS_____arcularius,_____brumalis,_____tigrinus

LENZITES_____betulina

MERIPILUS_____sumsteinei

MYCORRHAPHIUM_____adustum

NEOALBATRELLUS (ALBATRELLUS)____caeruleoporus

NEOANTRODIA_____variiformis

NEOFAVOLUS_____alveolaris

NEOLENTINUS_____lepideus

NIVEOPOROFOMES_____spraguei

ONNIA ____tomentosa

PANUS_____conchatus,_____lecotei

PERENNIPORIA_____fraxinophila,_____medulla-panis

PHAEOLUS_____schweinitzii

PHELLINUS____ferruginosus (See FUSCOPORIA)____igniarius ____tremulae

PHLEBIA_____radiata,_____tremellosa

PHLEBIOPSIS_____crassa

PHYSISPORINUS_____vitreus

PICIPES_____badius,_____melanopus,_____tubaeformis

POLYPORUS _____radicatus, _____umbellatus

PORODAEDALEA ____chrysoloma

PORONIDULUS_____conchifer

POSTIA____livens

PSEUDOINONOTUS (INONOTUS) ____dryadeus

PYCNOPORELLUS_____fulgens

RADULOMYCES_____copelandii

RHODOFOMES_____cajanderi

SARCODONTIA_____setosa

SPARASSIS_____americana, _____spathularia

SPONGIOPELLIS ____pachyodon

STECCHERINUM _____ochraceum

STEREUM (Re: Russula)____sp.____complicatum____gausapatum ____hirsutum ____ochracea____ochraceoflavum____ostrea____sanguineolentum____striatum____subtomentosmTERANA_____caerulea

TRAMETES_____cinnabarina,_____gibbosa,_____hirsuta,_____ochracea,_____pubescens,

                    _____variegata,_____versicolor

TRAMETOPSIS_____cervina

TRICHAPTUM ____abietinum, ____biforme, ____subchartaceum

TYROMYCES_____chioneus

XANTHOPORIA (INONOTUS) ____radiatus

XENASMATELLA_____vaga

WOLFOPORIA_____extensa